vendredi 15 janvier 2016

Chacabulco (Chile 2015)

 Sắp đến cảng Chacabulco Chí lợi

 Nhìn núi tuyết hai bên thật đẹp

 mặt trời vừa ló rạng

 núi tuyết sau lưng hùng vĩ quá 

chờ gọi đến nhóm của mình để xuống tàu nhỏ ra cảng

lên đến đất liền rồi

 cảng nào cũng có bán hàng lưu niệm

ở Hotel có wifi 

The mountainous landscape offers us a spectacular panoramic view of the mountains and glaciers that adorn this part of the Patagonia.

thành phố rất nhỏ cũng có nhà thờ

xâu chuỗi trên bàn thờ của đức mẹ

 nắng lên rồi ai cũng cất áo lạnh 

thấy chó khắp nơi

đến lúc trở về tàu rồi 

 nâng tàu nhỏ lên để chuẩn bị rời cảng

 cảnh thiên nhiên quá đẹp 

Au Revoir Chacabulco


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Chacabuco (disambiguation).
Chacabuco is one of the many abandoned nitrate or "saltpeter" towns ("oficinas salitreras" in Spanish) in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile[1] Other nitrate towns of the Atacama Desert include Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works. Unlike most of the other ghost towns in the Atacama Desert, Chacabuco became a concentration camp during the Pinochet regime in 1973. To this day, it remains surrounded by approximately 98 lost landmines, left by the Chilean military when Chacabuco was used as a prison camp.

Nitrate Town History[edit]

Founded in 1924 by the Lautaro Nitrate Company Ltd., Chacabuco soon fell into ruin as the nitrate mining boom in Chile came to an abrupt halt at the end of the 1930s. Synthetic nitrate had been invented in Germany at the turn of the 20th century and by the 1930s and 40s had severely crippled northern Chile's nitrate industry. What had accounted for virtually 50% of Chile's Gross National Product fell to almost zero within a few decades. A total of 170 nitrate towns were shut down throughout Chile's Atacama Desert, only one remains open today, María Elena, about 95 kilometeres north of Chacabuco. Chacabuco shut its doors in 1938.[2] As a town, it had only survived 14 years.

Concentration camp history[edit]

In 1971, president Salvador Allende declared Chacabuco a Historic Monument of Chile, at which point restoration began. But in 1973, after the military coup, Pinochet turned it into a concentration camp until the end of 1974. [3] As a concentration camp, it held up to 1,800 prisoners many of whom were doctors, lawyers, artists, writers, professors and workers from all over Chile.

Chacabuco today[edit]

By the 1990s, Chacabuco was in need of extensive restoration and several international organizations began the restoration of parts of Chacabuco. In 1991, a former political prisoner of Chacabuco, Roberto Saldívar, returned to Chacabuco in order to live in the abandoned town and guard it against vandalism and pillaging. He lived there almost completely alone until January 2006. Pedro Barreda replaced Roberto when he left as guardian angel of Chacabuco. Currently living in Chacabuco alone, Pedro considers himself to be Roberto's apprentice and remains dedicated to the cause Roberto started.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. Jump up^ "Ghost Towns of the Atacama". Moon Travel Guides.
  2. Jump up^ "From nitrate town to internment camp: the cultural biography of Chacabuco, northern Chile".
  3. Jump up^ "Chacabuco".


Forest and river hikes through Coyhaique National Parke and Parque Aiken del Sure provide wonderful opportunities to see the region's flora and fauna up close. Alternatively, Rio Simpson National Reserve will give you access to cascading waterfalls, canyon rivers, valleys and beaches. 

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