samedi 3 janvier 2015

Nón lá

Nón lá 
Conical leaf hat

Nón lá – Wikipedia tiếng Việt 

Asian conical hat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Nón bài thơ – Wikipedia tiếng Việt

For a long time, the image of young ladies with  a conical palm leaf hat known in Vietnamse as “Non La” has become a symbol of Vietnamese charm and beauty. Along with Ao Dai, the Vietnamese traditional long dress, the hat stands for national costume identity now broadly recognizable around the world.

Though appearing very fragile, Non La is in fact fairly strong as it is designed to withstand intense use and the impact of adverse weather conditions. In the tropical condition of Vietnam with plenty of sun and rain, Non La was a useful headgear to protect ancient Vietnamese from sun and rain. Besides, women can use Non La as a basket for when shopping in the market or a hand fan in hot summer days. Beside the practical purposes, it especially enhances the feminine grace when combined with Ao Dai – the Vietnamese long traditional dress.
Vietnam day tours
A Vietnamese lady in Ao Dai and Non La

Up till now, the exact origin of Non La is still a question. However, the hat’s image was embossed on two Vietnam’s ancient artifacts such as bronze drums dating back 2500 - 3000 years ago. It indicates that Non La was already popular during this period, or perhaps even earlier. As a part of Vietnamese lifestyle, Non La has maintained its presence through all stages of war and peace of the country’s history. It is prominent in folklore as well as nowadays festivals.   
Non La is creatively hand-made from simple materials of nature including palm leaves for roofing and bamboo for frame. The hat’s outer surface is often covered by a layer of clear varnish to increase smoothness and water resistance. The making process requires experience, patience and skilled hands. Apparently, no machine is able to replace the traditional techniques inherited throughout generations of craftsmen to whom Non La making has been their livelihood.       

In addition to the original version, Non La has many variations such as Non Ngua (horse hat) from the coastal province of Binh Dinh in Central Vietnam or Non Quai Thao (flat palm hat) from a number of Northern provinces. Specific regions have their own ways of making their version of hat unique. However, it is commonly agreed among Vietnamese that the most beautiful variation of all is Non Bai Tho (poem hat), which is originated from Hue, the ancient capital of Vietnam, land of picturesque landscapes and famous poets. The decorative images such as the lotus blossom or the Buddha face are delicately imbedded between two layers of palm leaves and only visible in direct sunlight.
An image of Non Bai Tho with decorations only visible under strong light

There are many villages along Vietnam making Non la for a means of living. Chuong village in a suburban district of Hanoi named Thanh Oait the city’s center, is one well known location for its traditional hat making trade lasting through three centuries. Chuong villagers are very strict in selecting materials only sourcing the best from palm growing Northern provinces. The village produces thousands of hats per day for purposes of personal use, tourism souvenirs and export. The village is now a highlight of Vietnam day tours in the North for foreign tourists. A short drive from Hanoi will take tourists to Chuong village where they can enjoy discovering how Non La is made, listening to the stories of Non La’s history and learning more about Vietnam’s culture. After all, one thing they cannot afford to miss is taking back with them a hand-made Non La as a unique souvenir from Vietnam.
Chuong village’s artisans meticulously make the conical hats

Along with the rapid economic development of Vietnam, people’s preferences are shifting toward hats of modern design and higher practical usage value. This consequently has led to a drop in demand of Non La in major cities. However, in the countryside it is still a main choice for farmers who spend much of their time outdoors working in the fields. So the sighting of Non La on the road or amid the paddy fields is just a common thing to tourists on a trip to rural areas.      

Not only for Vietnamese, Non La brings the softness of Oriental style and elegance to any foreign visitors wearing it. Notable among those who have tried it with delight while visiting Vietnam is the former US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton.
Vietnam day tours
Frist lady and later on US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton & daughter Chelsea Clinton wearing Non La on a visit to Vietnam in 2000

The international contestants of Mrs World 2009 in Ao Dai and Non La
Vietnam day tours
Arsenal's superstars wearing Non La on the vacation of visiting Vietnam in July 2013
Nón lá thân thương



























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